Global Climate Change Policy Without the United States: Thinking the Unthinkable
Co-sponsored by the Oscar M. Ruebhausen Fund at Yale Law School, the Yale Climate & Energy Institute, and the Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy
The list below is not an exhaustive list of conference participants; please check back for updates.
Kenneth W. Abbott is Professor of Law and Willard H. Pedrick Distinguished Research Scholar at Arizona State University College of Law, where he is a member of the Advisory Board of the Center for Law and Global Affairs and a Faculty Fellow of the Center for Law, Science & Innovation. He is also Professor of Global Studies in the School of Politics and Global Studies, and a Senior Sustainability Scholar in the Global Institute of Sustainability. Professor Abbott’s teaching and research focus on the interdisciplinary study of international institutions, international law and international relations. He studies a wide range of public and private international institutions, in contexts including environmental protection and sustainability, development policy, global health, corruption, emerging technologies, worker rights, and international trade and investment. Before joining ASU, Professor Abbott taught for over 25 years at Northwestern University, where he held the Elizabeth Froehling Horner Chair in Law and Commerce, and served as director of the Center for International and Comparative Studies. Professor Abbott is a Lead Faculty member of the Earth System Governance Project, and a member of the editorial boards of International Theory, Journal of International Economic Law and Journal of International Law and International Relations.
Steinar Andresen is a research professor at the Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI), Norway.
His main research interests focus on international agreements, regimes and international organizations, especially in the area of environment, but also international resource policy and international health issues. Some empirical examples include the climate regime, the whaling regime and various UN bodies. He looks at the effectiveness of the agreements and organizations and the significance of 'institutional design,' leadership and the relation between science and policy.
Andresen was a visiting research fellow at the University of Washington, Seattle (1987-1988), a part-time senior research fellow at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (1994-1996), and FNI's research director (1992-1997). He was also a visiting research fellow at Princeton University (1997-1998) and a professor at the Department of Political Science, University of Oslo (2002-2006).
David Anthoff is an environmental economist who studies climate change and environmental policy. He co-develops the integrated assessment model FUND that is used widely in academic research and in policy analysis. His research has appeared in the
Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Environmental and Resource
Economics, the Oxford Review of Economic Policy and other academic journals. He contributed a background research paper to the Stern Review and has advised numerous organizations (including US EPA and the Canadian National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy) on the economics of climate change.
He is currently an assistant professor in the School of Natural Resources and the Environment of the University of Michigan. Previously he was a postdoc at the University of California at Berkeley and the Economic and Social Research Institute in Ireland. He also was a visiting research fellow at the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, University of Oxford.
He holds a PhD (Dr. rer. pol.) in economics from the University of Hamburg (Germany) and the International Max Planck Research School on Earth System Modelling, a MSc in Environmental Change and Management from the University of Oxford (UK) and a M.Phil. in philosophy, logic and theory of science from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Mu?nchen (Germany).
Ambassador Stuart Beck (Yale, J.D., 1971) was retained by Palau to assist in its drive for sovereignty. He represented the country in the negotiations which resulted in its independence.
Ambassador Beck was appointed and confirmed in 2004 as Palau’s first Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations, and has served continuously in that position to date. He is now serving as a Vice-President of the UN General Assembly, representing the Asia and Pacific Group.
During Ambassador Beck’s time at the United Nations, Palau has led several important initiatives, including calls for moratoria on deep-sea bottom trawling and shark-finning, establishment of a worldwide shark sanctuary movement, a resolution calling for recognition of the security implications of Climate Change (A/RES/63/281) and a resolution seeking an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice on state responsibility for damaging greenhouse has emissions.
Ambassador Beck is now a visiting lecturer at the Yale Law School, co-teaching with Professor Douglas Kysar “Climate Change and the International Court of Justice.”
Daniel Bodansky is the Lincoln Professor of Law, Ethics and Sustainability at the Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, Arizona State University.
He is the author of The Art and Craft of International Environmental Law (2010), which won the 2011 Sprout Award from the International Studies Association, and the co-editor of the Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law. From 1999-2001, he served as the Climate Change Coordinator at the US Department of State. Since returning to academia in 2001, he has stayed active in the UN climate change negotiations through his work with the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (formerly the Pew Center on Global Climate Change) and the Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements.
Elizabeth Burleson is an Associate Professor of Law at Pace Law School. She received her LLM in International Law from the London School of Economics and her JD from the University of Connecticut. She is a Fulbright Senior Specialist and has taught Energy Law, Human Rights and Environment, International Environmental Law, Public International Law, UN Law, International Law and China, Property Law, International Economic Law and the Environment, Water Law, and Environmental Law.
Focusing on emerging international law, she has been an advisor to UNICEF's Senior Advisor for the Environment and to the New York Director of UNEP. She has also written reports for UNESCO and UNDP. She participated in the drafting process for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Agenda 21, and the Rio Declaration. She was a member of the UNICEF delegation to the Bali Climate Conference; worked with the NWF and UNEP delegations to the Copenhagen Climate Conference; and with the IUCN and ASIL delegations to the Cancun and Durban Climate Negotiations. Professor Burleson is on the International Law Association’s Committee on the Principles Relating to Climate Change, IUCN's Climate Change Core Group, and the National Wildlife Federation President's Advisory Council.
She has also conducted legal research for Amnesty International's London-based International Secretariat and New York-based research division and has provided climate-energy expertise to the Japanese, Uruguayan and French Governments.
Bernarditas de Castro-Muller is a career diplomat of the Philippines, recently retired, who, as part of her responsibilities in the Philippine Mission to the UN in Geneva, was involved in the negotiations leading to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in 1992, and followed all other negotiations leading to the three Rio Conventions: the UNFCCC, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), as well as other Geneva-based multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), and related agencies such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Mrs. Muller was a member of the Bureau of the Conferences of Parties (COP) of the UNFCCC and the CBD, as well as the UNCCD. Almost all throughout her involvement in these conventions, she has been a lead negotiator for the Group of 77 (G77), the group of developing countries, in particular on national communications, financial and technology issues. Mrs. Muller also convened the group which became the Like-Minded Group (LMG) in the negotiations prior to the adoption of the Cartagena Biosafety Protocol of the CBD.
Based in Geneva, Switzerland, she currently serves as the Special Advisor on Climate Change for the South Centre, an intergovernmental organization of developing countries, and as a Consultant to the National Climate Change Commission of the Philippines, for which she continues to be a member of the Philippine delegation to UNFCCC conferences. She also continues to attend the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity as a member of the Philippine delegation.
Photo of Mrs. Muller courtesy of Earth Negotiations Bulletin/International Institute for Sustainable Development.
Dan Farber is the Sho Sato Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkeley. He is also the Co-Director of the Center for Law, Energy, and the Environment. Professor Farber serves on the editorial board of Foundation Press. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a Life Member of the American Law Institute. He is the editor of Issues in Legal Scholarship.
Professor Farber is a graduate of the University of Illinois, where he earned his B.A., M.A., and J.D. degrees. He graduated, summa cum laude, from the College of Law, where he was the class valedictorian and served as Editor-in-Chief of the University of Illinois Law Review. After graduation from law school, he was a law clerk for Judge Philip W. Tone of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit and then for Justice John Paul Stevens of the Supreme Court of the United States. Professor Farber practiced law with Sidley & Austin, where he primarily worked on energy issues, before joining the University of Illinois College of Law faculty in 1978. He was a member of the University of Minnesota Law School faculty from 1981 to 2002, where he was the McKnight Presidential Professor of Public Law. He also has been a Visiting Professor at the Stanford Law School, Harvard Law School, and the University of Chicago Law School. He is the author of eighteen books and over 150 law review articles. Professor Farber's recent research focuses on the legal and policy dimensions of climate change.
Joshua Galperin is the Associate Director of the Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy.
Mr. Galperin, a 2009 graduate of the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies (FE&S), comes to the Center from the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy where he was a policy analyst and research attorney. He previously worked as a legislative attorney for the Vermont General Assembly.
He studied law at Vermont Law School where he graduated magna cum laude and was a member of the Vermont Law Review’s senior editorial board. He earned a master’s degree in environmental management from FE&S and a bachelor’s degree in political science with a minor in wildlife conservation from the University of Delaware.
Alex Hanafi is an Attorney in the Environmental Defense Fund’s International Climate Program. In his work at EDF, he coordinates a range of research and advocacy programs designed to promote effective, innovative policies that reduce greenhouse gas emissions around the globe.
He focuses primarily on climate policy in Europe, including the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), and on legal issues in the international climate negotiations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Mr. Hanafi's work also includes research into governance systems for geoengineering research.
His analysis of institutional and legal issues in international climate negotiations has been published and cited in leading international legal journals.
Prior to joining EDF, Alex was a negotiation advisor and instructor for an international negotiation consulting firm based in Boston, Massachusetts. During private practice in law firms in San Francisco and Washington, D.C., he counseled clients in negotiating environmental disputes.
Alex has provided strategic advice and assistance to public interest lawyers and policy advocates from more than 60 countries in their efforts to reform environmental and human rights laws and strengthen public participation in governmental decision making.
He is an honors graduate of Harvard Law School, where he was elected Editor-in-Chief of the Harvard Environmental Law Review. He received his undergraduate degree in biology and art history magna cum laude from Duke University, where he was an Angier B. Duke Scholar.
Michael B. Gerrard is Andrew Sabin Professor of Professional Practice at Columbia Law School, where he teaches courses on environmental and energy law and directs the Center for Climate Change Law. He is also Associate Chair of the Faculty of Columbia’s Earth Institute. Before joining the Columbia faculty in January 2009, he was managing partner of the 110-lawyer New York office of Arnold & Porter LLP; he is now Senior Counsel to the firm. He practiced environmental law in New York City full time from 1979 to 2008 and tried numerous cases and argued many appeals in federal and state courts and administrative tribunals. He was the 2004-2005 chair of the American Bar Association’s 10,000-member Section of Environment, Energy and Resources. He has also chaired the Executive Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York, and the Environmental Law Section of the New York State Bar Association.
Since 1986, Gerrard has written an environmental law column for the New York Law Journal, and since 1989 he has been editor of a monthly newsletter, Environmental Law in New York. He is author or editor of nine books, two of which were named Best Law Book of the Year by the Association of American Publishers.
He received his B.A. from Columbia University and his J.D. from New York University Law School, where he was a Root Tilden Scholar.
Ken Gillingham is an Assistant Professor of Environmental & Energy Economics at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies. His research and teaching interests focus on energy and transportation. He specializes in using the tools of economics and statistics, along with expertise in energy and systems engineering, to rigorously analyze policies to address the great energy challenges facing the world. His work covers the intersection of energy efficiency, new energy technologies, and sustainable transportation. Recent publications have focused on the adoption of solar photovoltaic technology, market failures in household energy efficiency, and alternative fuels for transportation. On-going research delves deeply into the effects of different policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. Other research covers the modeling of energy innovation and technological change, both at the micro-level and in the large-scale energy-climate models used to examine the effects of climate change mitigation policies.
Prior to joining the Yale faculty, he worked at the California Air Resources Board, White House Council of Economic Advisers, Stanford Energy Modeling Forum, Resources for the Future, and Joint Global Change Research Institute of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. He also received a Fulbright Fellowship to study in New Zealand, which he used to research the economics and policy of solar energy technologies in New Zealand. His Ph.D. is from Stanford University, where he studied management science & engineering and economics.
Peter M. Haas is a professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He received his Ph.D in 1986 from MIT and has been at UMASS since 1987. He has had visiting positions at Yale University, Brown, Oxford, and the Wissenschaftszentrum, Berlin. He has published on international relations theory, constructivism, international environmental politics, global governance, and the interplay of science and international institutions at the international level. His recent work focuses on networked governance and the role of science in international environmental regimes, and he is writing a book on the evolution of multilateral environmental governance since 1972.
He is the author and editor of numerous books, including Global Environmental Governance (2006, with Gus Speth); Saving the Mediterranean: The Politics of International Environmental Cooperation (1990); Knowledge, Power and International Policy Coordination (1997); Institutions for the Earth: Sources of Effective International Environmental Protection (1993, edited with Robert O. Keohane and Marc A. Levy); Emerging Forces in Environmental Governance (2004, edited with Norichike Kanie); Learning to Manage Global Environmental Risks (2001, contributing author); The International Environment in the New Global Economy (2003); International Environmental Governance (2008); and Controversies in Globalization (2010, edited with John Hird and Beth McBratney). His work has appeared in journals such as International Organization, Millennium, Global Governance, Journal of European Public Policy, Environment, Global Environmental Politics, and Marine Policy.
Professor Haas has consulted for the Commission on Global Governance, the United Nations Environment Programme, United States Department of State, the French government, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States National Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the World Resources Institute. He has received grants from the National Science Foundation, German Marshall Fund, Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Institute for the Study of World Politics, and the Gallatin Foundation.
Robert Howse is the Lloyd C. Nelson Professor of International Law at NYU School of Law. Professor Howse received his B.A. in philosophy and political science with high distinction, as well as an LL.B., with honors, from the University of Toronto, where he was co-editor in chief of the Faculty of Law Review. He also holds an LL.M. from the Harvard Law School. He has been a visiting professor at Harvard Law School, Tel Aviv University, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the University of Paris 1 (Pantheon-Sorbonne), Tsinghua University, and Osgoode Hall Law School in Canada and taught in the Academy of European Law, European University Institute, Florence.
Since 2000, Professor Howse has been a member of the faculty of the World Trade Institute, Berne, Master’s in International Law and Economics Programme. He is a frequent consultant or adviser to government agencies and international organizations such as the OECD, the World Bank, UNCTAD, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Law Commission of Canada and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. He is a contributor to the American Law Institute project on WTO Law. He has acted as a consultant to the investor's counsel in several NAFTA investor-state arbitrations. He is a core team member of the Renewable Energy and International Law (REIL) project, a private/public partnership that includes, among others, Yale University, the law firm of Baker & McKenzie and the investment bank Climate Change Capital. Howse serves on the editorial advisory boards of the European Journal of International Law and Legal Issues in Economic Integration. He is sub-series editor for the Oxford University Press Commentaries on the WTO treaties.
Prior to pursuing legal studies, Howse held a variety of posts with the Canadian foreign ministry, including as a member of the Policy Planning Secretariat and a diplomat at the Canadian Embassy in Belgrade.
Douglas Kysar is Deputy Dean and Joseph M. Field ’55 Professor of Law at Yale Law School. His teaching and research areas include torts, environmental law, and risk regulation. He received his B.A. summa cum laude from Indiana University in 1995 and his J.D. magna cum laude from Harvard Law School in 1998 where he served on the student board of advisors.
He has published articles on a wide array of environmental law and tort law topics, and is co-author of a leading casebook, The Torts Process, with James A. Henderson, Jr., Richard N. Pearson & John A. Siliciano. His recent book, Regulating from Nowhere: Environmental Law and the Search for Objectivity (YUP 2010), seeks to reinvigorate environmental law and policy by offering novel theoretical insights on cost-benefit analysis, the precautionary principle, and sustainable development.
Jane C. S. Long is recently retired from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and is currently a senior contributing scientist for the Environmental Defense Fund, visiting researcher at the University of California, Berkeley, and consultant for geoengineering at the Bipartisan Policy Center. Dr. Long currently co-chairs the “California’s Energy Future” study conducted by the California Council on Science and Technology (CCST) and was recently elected as a Senior Fellow of CCST. She is co-chair of the National Commission on Energy Policy’s Task force on geoengineering and a member of the steering committee for the Royal Society Solar Radiation Management Governance initiative. Her work is in climate change strategy, including energy system reinvention, adaptation, and geoengineering, and she has conducted research in nuclear waste storage, geothermal reservoirs, petroleum reservoirs and contaminant transport.
From 2004 to 2007, as Associate Director, she led the Energy and Environment Directorate for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. From 1997 to 2003 Dr. Long was the Dean of the Mackay School of Mines. Dr. Long led the University of Nevada, Reno’s initiative for renewable energy projects, served as the Director of the Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy, and initiated the Mining Life-Cycle Center. Prior to this appointment, Dr. Long worked at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for 20 years. She holds a B.A. in engineering from Brown University and an M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley.
Edward A. (Ted) Parson is Professor of Law in the UCLA Law School and the Emmett Center for Climate Change and Law. His research examines international environmental law and policy, the role of science and technology in policy-making, and the political economy of regulation.Prior to coming to UCLA, he served on the faculties of Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government (1992-2003) and the University of Michigan (2003-2012), where he was Joseph L. Sax Collegiate Professor of Law, Professor of Natural Resources and Environment, and Professor of Public Policy. In addition to his academic work, Parson has held advisory and policy positions in the governments of the United States and Canada, and has served on multiple national and international advisory bodies. He holds degrees in Physics from the University of Toronto (1975) and in Management Science from the University of British Columbia (1981), and a Ph.D. in Public Policy (1992) from Harvard.
Mark Pagani is a Professor in the Department of Geology and Geophysics at Yale University and Director of the Yale Climate and Energy Institute. He. His research group studies the character of ancient climates by reconstructing patterns of regional and global temperature change, hydrological conditions, and the evolution of atmospheric carbon dioxide. This work helps prioritize the factors responsible for past climatic events and places future climate change within a geological context. His research constrains the physical and environmental conditions of ancient oceans, terrestrial systems, and the atmosphere through proxy records founded on the isotopic compositions and abundances of organic molecules (biomarkers), and stable-isotope compositions of carbonates. Projects range from the study of very ancient episodes of global warming 5 to 55 million years ago to the demise of the classic Maya culture.
Some of his past and current projects include multi-million year reconstructions of atmospheric carbon dioxide, the high-latitude expression of temperature change during the onset of polar continental ice, and the impact of rapid, extreme warming on regional and hemispheric hydrological conditions.
Robert Socolow is a Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE) at Princeton University. Socolow’s current research focuses on the characteristics of a global energy system responsive to global and local environmental and security constraints. His specific areas of interest include global carbon management, carbon dioxide capture from fossil fuels and storage in geological formations, nuclear power, energy efficiency in buildings, and the acceleration of deployment of advanced technologies in developing countries. He is the co-principal investigator (with ecologist, Stephen Pacala) of Princeton University's Carbon Mitigation Initiative, www.princeton.edu/~cmi/, a fifteen-year (2001-2015) project, supported by BP. He teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in MAE and in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (WWS).
Socolow has a B.A. (summa cum laude, 1959) and a Ph.D. in theoretical high energy physics (l964) from Harvard University. He was an assistant professor of physics at Yale University from l966 to l97l.
Richard B. Stewart is University Professor and John Edward Sexton Professor of Law at New York University and Director of NYU’s Center on Environmental and Land Use Law. He teaches and writes on both the domestic U.S. and the global aspects of environmental law and policy and administrative law and regulation. His current research includes global administrative law, climate law, policy and finance, and U.S. nuclear waste law and policy. He has been extensively involved in environmental law reform projects in the U.S, China and Central and Eastern Europe.
During 1989-1991 Stewart served as Assistant Attorney General for Environment and Natural Resources at the U.S. Department of Justice, where he led the prosecution of Exxon for the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill and the development of the U.S. position on the 1992 Framework Convention on Climate Change. He was formerly Chairman and currently serves as Advisory Trustee of Environmental Defense Fund. He also served as Special Counsel to the Senate Watergate Committee and as a law clerk to Justice Potter Stewart of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Michael W. Wara is an Associate Professor at Stanford Law School where he teaches Environmental Law and Policy, International Environmental Law, and Energy Law. His current research focuses on topics including: international climate change law and policy implementation of emissions trading systems; regulatory aspects of grid integration of renewable energy; and the interaction between privacy concerns, the consumer relationship, and innovation in the smart meter context.
Previously, he was an associate at Holland & Knight, LLP. He holds a J.D. from Stanford Law School, a Ph.D. in Ocean Sciences from the University of California, Santa Cruz, and a B.A. from Columbia University. His doctoral research focused on the interaction between long-term shifts in global climate and tropical ocean/atmosphere dynamics.
Robert T. Watson has held a number of internationally prominent posts. Most recently, he served as Chief Scientific Advisor to the United Kingdom’s Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). Prior to joining Defra, Professor Watson was Chief Scientist and Director for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development (ESSD) at the World Bank. Prior to joining the World Bank, Professor Watson was Associate Director for Environment in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President in the White House. Prior to joining the Clinton White House, Professor Watson was Director of the Science Division and Chief Scientist for the Office of Mission to Planet Earth at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
He has played a key role in the negotiation of global environment conventions and the evolution of the Global Environment Facility (GEF). He was Director and Co-chair of: the International Assessment of Agricultural Science & Technology for Development, the Board of Directors of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. and the International Scientific Assessment of Stratospheric Ozone. From 1997 to 2002, he was Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and from 1991 to 1994, he served as Chairman of the GEF’s Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel.
He was Chair or Co-Chair of a number of international scientific assessments, including the IPCC Working Group II, the United Nations Environment Programme/World Meteorological Organization (UNEP-WMO), and UNEP’s Global Biodiversity Assessment. Professor Watson has testified to the U.S. Congress on numerous occasions regarding global environmental issues. Professor Watson received his Ph.D. in Chemistry from London University in 1973. He has received many national and international awards and prizes for his contributions to science, including the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences Award for Scientific Freedom and Responsibility in 1993, the insignia of Honorary Companion of St. Michael and St. George from the British Government on December 10, 2003, and the Blue Planet Prize in 2010. During the New Years Honours of 2011, Professor Watson was knighted by the British Government.