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Conference Advisory Board

Charles F. Kennel was educated in astronomy and astrophysics at Harvard and Princeton.  After a post-doctoral year at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, he joined the UCLA Department of Physics and its Institute for Geophysics and Planetary Physics. There he pursued research and teaching in theoretical space plasma physics and astrophysics, eventually chairing the Physics Department. In 1988, he was on leave as a Fairchild Scholar at CalTech and a visiting professor at Princeton. He served as UCLA’s Executive Vice Chancellor, its chief academic officer, from 1996 to 1998.

While at UCLA, Kennel was a consultant to TRW Systems (now Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems), where he participated in numerous satellite experiments, most notably the Voyager missions to the outer planets.  From 1994 to 1996, Kennel was Associate Administrator at NASA and Director of Mission to Planet Earth, the world's largest Earth science research program.  Kennel’s experiences at NASA converted him to Earth and climate science, and he has devoted the rest of his career to these fields. He became the ninth Director and Dean of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Vice Chancellor of Marine Sciences at the University of California, San Diego, serving from 1998 to 2006. Dr. Kennel was the founding director of the UCSD Environment and Sustainability Initiative. He presently is Distinguished Professor, emeritus, of Atmospheric Sciences at Scripps, and senior strategist for the UCSD Sustainability Solutions Institute.

In the international arena, Kennel has had visiting appointments to the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (Trieste), the University of Trieste, Ecole Polytechnique (Paris), and the Space Research Institutes in Moscow, USSR, and Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil. During winter terms 2007, 2010, and 2012, he was a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Christ’s College, Cambridge. He was the 2007 C.P. Snow lecturer at Christ’s College.  He had University visiting appointments with the Cambridge Department of Engineering in 2007 and with the Centre for Energy Studies of the Judge Business School in 2010. With Professor Paul Linden of Cambridge, he co-leads a team working with the Venice Gates project on sustainable management of the Venice lagoon and participates in the UCSD-Cambridge global water initiative. He recently co-organized two special sessions of the Kyoto Forum on Science and Technology in Society devoted to the natural and social impacts of regional climate change.

Kennel is presently on the Boards of the Cisco Systems’ Planetary Skin Institute, the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, the UCLA Institute of the Environment, the Caltech Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and the University of Alaska Geophysical Institute. He was a member of the National Science and Technology Council and the international Committee on Earth Observation Satellites while at NASA; at Scripps, he co-founded the Partnership for the Observation of the Global Ocean (POGO), and was a member of the Pew Oceans Commission. He has chaired the US National Academy’s Board on Physics and Astronomy and its Committee on Global Change Research. He has served a total of 11 years on the NASA Advisory Council, chairing it from 2000-2005, and was a member of the Presidential (“Augustine”) Commission on human space flight in 2009. Kennel remains on the NASA Advisory Council and chairs the Space Studies Board of the US National Academy of Sciences.

For the State of California, he was a member of the founding board of the California Climate Action Registry, the first chairman of the California Ocean Sciences Trust, and the chair of the California Council on Science and Technology. He recently co-chaired a study, “Innovate to Innovation”, which the California Council undertook at the request of the legislature.

Kennel is a member of the US National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and the International Academy of Astronautics. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Geophysical Union, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.  He has been awarded the James Clerk Maxwell Prize (American Physical Society), the first Hannes Alfven Prize (European Geophysical Union), the Aurelio Peccei Prize (Accademia Lincei, Rome), and the NASA Distinguished Service and Distinguished Public Service Medals.  He has been a Fulbright Senior Lecturer, and a Sloan and Guggenheim Foundation Fellow.

Matthew Kotchen is an associate professor of environmental economics and policy at Yale University. His primary appointment is in the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, with affiliated appointments in the Yale School of Management and the Department of Economics. He is also a faculty research fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER). Professor Kotchen's research interests lie at the intersection of environmental and public economics, and ongoing projects employ both theoretical and empirical methods covering a range of topics, including energy, climate change, "green" markets, corporate social responsibility, and applied game theory. Several projects involve collaborations with ecologists and political scientists. Kotchen joined the Yale faculty in 2009 and has held previous and visiting positions at Williams College, University of California (Santa Barbara and Berkeley), Stanford University, and Resources for the Future (RFF).

Trude Storelvmo is an assistant professor in the Department of Geology & Geophysics at Yale University.  Dr. Storelvmo received her doctorate in atmospheric scientist from the University of Oslo.  She focuses her research on the role of aerosol particles and clouds on Earth's energy budget.  She is particularly interested in how aerosol particles affect climate by acting as cloud condensation nuclei and ice nuclei.  These so called indirect aerosol effects on climate are currently the most uncertain and least understood forcings of climate change, and will represent a tremendous challenge to the scientific community in years to come.

Nadine Unger is an assistant professor in the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, with an affiliated appointment in the Department of Geology and Geophysics.  The chemical composition of the atmosphere controls the climate system, the quality of the air that we breathe and the amount of ultraviolet radiation to which we are exposed. Human energy use and agricultural activities have profoundly altered this composition leading to regional and global climate change, widespread air pollution and stratospheric ozone depletion. Dr. Unger applies numerical modeling and integrated studies to advance understanding of interactions between atmospheric chemistry and climate. The goal is to support effective decision-making and the development of smart climate policy.  Dr. Unger received her doctorate in atmospheric chemistry from the University of Leeds and has held research positions at Harvard University and the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies.

David G. Victor is a professor at the University of California, San Diego School of International Relations and Pacific Studies and director of the School’s new Laboratory on International Law and Regulation. His research focuses on how the design of regulatory law affects issues such as environmental pollution and the operation of major energy markets. He is author of Global Warming Gridlock, which explains why the world hasn't made much diplomatic progress on the problem of climate change while also exploring new strategies that would be more effective. Prior to joining the faculty at UCSD Victor served as director of the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development at Stanford University where he was also a professor at Stanford Law School.  At Stanford he built a research program that focused on the energy markets of the major emerging countries—mainly Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa. Earlier in his career he also directed the science and technology program at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, where he directed the Council's task force on energy and was senior adviser to the task force on climate change. At Stanford and the Council he examined ways to improve management of the nation's $50 billion strategic oil reserve, strategies for advancing research and regulation of technologies needed for "geoengineering," and a wide array of other topics related to technological innovation and the impact of innovation on economic growth.

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