Over the last decade, India’s strong growth has increased employment opportunities and allowed millions to emerge from poverty.
India’s remarkable growth record, however, has been clouded by a degrading environment and growing scarcity of natural resources. Mirroring the size and diversity of its economy, environmental risks are wide ranging and are driven by both prosperity and poverty.
In a recent survey of 132 countries whose environments were surveyed, India ranked 126th overall and last in the ‘Air Pollution (effects on human health)’ ranking.
The annual study, the Environmental Performance Index, is conducted and written by environmental research centers at Yale and Columbia universities with assistance from dozens of outside scientists.
Big Data has emerged as a game-changing presence in commerce and politics. What used to be the vast and unknown cosmos of individual behavior and preferences can now be parsed for patterns and trends to aid in decision-making. Where policies used to be based on gut-checks and intuition, Big Data is now being translated into decisions that result in great profit, political gain, or, according its more sanguine proponents, to save the world. But forests don't tweet, and whales don't shop on Amazon. So what does Big Data mean for the environment and sustainability?
In recent decades, ambient levels of several different types of harmful air pollutants have fallen significantly in Canada’s urban centres, according to the report.
According to the internationally respected Environmental Performance Index (EPI), Canada is a world leader in this area.
[The Phillippines' Environment Undersecretary Demetrio Ignacio Jr.] said the [President's natural forsts log ban and National Greening Program] improved the Philippines’ ranking in the Environmental Performance Index from 50th in 2010 to 42th last year out of 132 countries.
The Philippines outranked South Korea (43rd), Australia (48th), the United States (49th), Singapore (52nd) and Israel (61st).
Paje reported that the Philippines has also successfully implemented clean development mechanism (CDM) projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the use of environmentally sustainable fuel technologies.
He said the country is ranked 10th in the world in terms of number of CDM projects, with 59 registered with the United Nations. The country's success in implementing these CDM projects was also the reason why the Environmental Performance Index gave the Philippines a perfect score of 100 percent under the indicator for carbon dioxide per capita, Paje added.
According to the Environmental Performance Index at Yale University, China ranks 116th overall, and 128th when it comes to air pollution.
India, however, fares even worse, ranking 125th overall and 132nd on air quality.