On the Environment: A Podcast Series from the Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy
The Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy is a joint initiative between Yale Law School and the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, and we see a lot of interesting and inspiring people come through the doors of both schools throughout the course of a year.
These visionaries will stay a few days, give a lecture or two, and then be on their way again—sometimes with very little record of their visit, the insights they’ve shared, or the passion they’ve breathed into the community inspiring action, change, and possibility.
We launched On the Environment, a podcast series hosted by Center staff and students, in March 2013 to better document these visits and, most importantly, to invite the larger community into the conversation we’re having here about key issues in environmental science, law and policymaking.
If you have comments or suggestions, please don’t hesitate to contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Episode 1: Marissa Knodel, a research assistant at the Center, visits with Andrew Guzman about his new book Overheated: The Human Cost of Climate Change, which explores the real-world consequences of climate change.
Andrew Guzman is Professor of Law and Director of the Advanced Law degree Programs at Berkeley Law School, University of California, Berkeley. Professor Guzman holds a J.D. and Ph.D. (economics) from Harvard University. He has written extensively on international trade, international regulatory matters, foreign direct investment and public international law, and served as editor on the recently published Handbook of International Economic Law (Elgar Publishers) and authored How International Law Works (Oxford University Press). Professor Guzman is a member of the Institute for Transnational Arbitration's Academic Council and is on the board of several academic journals. Professor Guzman has taught as a visiting professor at Harvard Law School, the University of Chicago Law School, the University of Virginia Law School, Vanderbilt Law School, the University of Hamburg, and the National University Law School in Bangalore, India.
Julian Aguon is a hybrid writer-activist-attorney whose work has taken the forms of polemical prose, law articles, lectures, speeches, and poetry. His work centers around human and indigenous rights under international law, with an emphasis in the rights of non-self-governing and indigenous peoples. He is the author of numerous collections of political essays focusing on people struggles in Guam and the larger Micronesian region around issues of colonization, neocolonialism, and militarism. He has also published several law articles focusing on the international law right of self-determination of peoples and the domestic jurisprudence governing the colonial relationship between the United States and its territories. Julian was chosen as a Petra Foundation Fellow in 2011 in recognition of his work on behalf of Guam and other Pacific Islander communities. Julian most recently prevailed in a motion to dismiss a challenge to the ability of native inhabitants of Guam to exercise their statutory right to self-determination before the District Court of Guam.
Episode 3 (part 1, part 2, and part 3): Aaron Reuben, a Center research assistant, talks with Rolling Stone Contributing Editor Jeff Goodell about his work, the future of environmental journalism, and geoengineering.
Jeff Goodell’s latest book, How to Cool the Planet: Geoengineering and the Audacious Quest to Fix Earth’s Climate, won the 2011 Grantham Prize Award of Special Merit, one of the highest awards in environmental journalism. Goodell is the author of four previous books including Sunnyvale, a memoir about growing up in Silicon Valley that was selected as a New York Times Notable Book. Our Story, an account of the nine miners trapped in a Pennsylvania coal mine, was a national bestseller. Big Coal: The Dirty Secret Behind America's Energy Future was described by the New York Times as, “a compelling indictment of one of the country’s biggest, most powerful and most antiquated industries…well-written, timely, and powerful.” In 2012, he won the Sierra Club’s David R. Brower award for excellence in environmental journalism. He is a Contributing Editor at Rolling Stone and a frequent contributor to The New York Times Magazine. As a commentator on energy and environmental issues, Goodell has appeared on NPR, MSNBC, CNN, CNBC, ABC, NBC, Fox and The Oprah Winfrey Show.
Episode 4: (part 1, part 2): Nora Hawkins, a Center research assistant, talks with Heidi Binko, associate director of special climate initiatives at the Rockefeller Family Fund, about her career path, work with RFF, and how the philanthropic community has developed campaigns -- for coal, in particular -- addressing climate change in the absence of a federal climate bill.
Heidi Binko is the associate director of special climate initiatives at the Rockefeller Family Fund. Heidi joined RFF in 2008. In her current position, she works closely with national and regional advocates and foundations working at the nexus of climate and coal. Since joining RFF, Heidi has played a leading role in creating strategic partnerships between funders and advocates interested in helping the nation move beyond a coal-based economy. Prior to joining RFF, Heidi was the executive director of the WestWind Foundation, a family foundation based in Virginia. She currently serves as a board member of the Environmental Grantmakers Association and a co-chair of the Climate and Energy Funders Group.
Episode 5 (part 1, part 2): Joanna Dafoe, a Center research assistant, visits with Pulitzer-Prize-winning author Daniel Yergin about his recent book, The Quest: Energy, Security, and the Remaking of the Modern World. The book, a follow-up to 2008’s The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power, examines the energies that have been foundational to civilization and the energies and technologies competing to replace technologies competing to replace them, all while highlighting how energy drives global political and economic change and conflict.
Daniel Yergin is Vice Chairman of IHS and the founder of IHS Cambridge Energy Research Associates. He is a highly respected authority on energy, international politics, and economics, and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his book The Prize. The New York Times has called him “America’s most influential energy pundit.” His new book -- The Quest: Energy, Security, and the Remaking of the Modern World -- has been hailed by The Economist as “a masterly piece of work” and “a comprehensive guide to the world’s great energy needs and dilemmas.” Dr. Yergin’s other books include Commanding Heights: the Battle for the World Economy.
Episode 6 (part 1, part 2): Yale Environmental Law Association President Halley Epstein visits with Jedediah Purdy, professor of law at Duke University about the history of environmentalism in America, environmental ethics and his forthcoming book, The American Environmental Imagination.
Jedediah Purdy graduated from Harvard College, summa cum laude, with an A.B. in Social Studies, and received his J.D. from Yale Law School. He teaches constitutional, environmental, and property law and writes in all of these areas.
Purdy clerked for the Honorable Pierre N. Leval of the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York City and has been a fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School, an ethics fellow at Harvard University, and a visiting professor at Yale Law School and Harvard Law School.
Purdy's scholarship has appeared or is forthcoming in the Yale Law Journal, University of Chicago Law Review, Duke Law Journal, Cornell Law Review, and Harvard Environmental Law Review, among others. He is the author of four books, including a trilogy on American political identity, which concluded with A Tolerable Anarchy (2009), all from Knopf. He has published many essays in publications including The Atlantic Monthly, The New York Times Op-Ed Page and Book Review, Die Zeit, and Democracy Journal. The Meaning of Property appeared in 2010 from Yale University Press. He is now at work on The American Environmental Imagination, under contract with Harvard University Press.
Episode 7 (part 1, part 2): Center Research Assistant Sarah Wegmueller visits with Sarah Krakoff, a professor at the University of Colorado School of Law, about American Indian law, environmental ethics, and Professor Krakoff's forthcoming book Parenting the Planet. The book uses parenting as a frame to explore our relationship to nature in a way that does not depend predominately on individual rational self-interest to explain human motivation.
Sarah Krakoff teaches and writes in the areas of American Indian law and natural resources law. Her publications include "American Indian Law: Cases and Commentary," (with Robert Anderson, Bethany Berger and Phil Frickey), "Tribes, Land and Environment," (co-edited with Ezra Rosser) and numerous articles and book chapters. Her article examining the effects of federal law on the Navajo Nation’s exercise of sovereignty, "A Narrative of Sovereignty: Illuminating the Paradox of the Domestic Dependent Nation," received the Jules Millstein Faculty Writing Award at the University of Colorado Law School in 2006 and has been cited in several federal district court opinions. Professor Krakoff has also written about environmental ethics, public lands, and global warming. Her current projects include a book (currently titled “Parenting the Planet,”) about the different stages of the human relationship to nature.
When Professor Krakoff first came to the Law School, she was the Director of the American Indian Law Clinic, supervising students in a range of federal Indian and tribal law matters. She succeeded in securing permanent University funding for the Clinic before moving to non-clinical teaching in 1999. Before coming to Colorado, Professor Krakoff was awarded an Equal Justice Works Fellowship to work on the Navajo Nation as Director of the Youth Law Project for DNA-People’s Legal Services. Professor Krakoff clerked on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals for Judge Warren J. Ferguson from 1992-93, and received her J.D. from Boalt Hall, U.C. Berkeley, in 1991 and her B.A. from Yale University in 1986.
Episode 8 (part 1, part 2): China's environmental situation is frequently scrutinized both within China and across the world. In this two-part podcast Angel Hsu, a China expert completing her PhD this May at the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, offers an overview of the key environmental issues in the country, how the government is addressing them, and the way Chinese citizens are mobilizing to push for better transparency about the state of their environment.
Dr. Angel Hsu graduated from the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies in 2013 and is now a postdoctoral associate and project manager of the Environmental Performance Measurement program area.
Her research focuses on Chinese environmental performance measurement, governance, and policy. Prior to coming to Yale, she was at the World Resources Institute (WRI), a non-profit environmental think tank in Washington, D.C., where she helped to develop corporate greenhouse gas reporting initiatives in developing countries and managed the GHG Protocol's programs in China. She has a Master of Philosophy degree in Environmental Policy from the University of Cambridge and a BS in Biology and BA in Political Science from Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
Episode 9: Air pollution is a topic of global concern, and in rapidly developing counties -- such as China -- news of extreme pollution levels dominates headlines. In this podcast Angel Hsu, Environmental Performance Index project director, visits with NASA climate scientist Drew Shindell and environmental policy expert Marc Levy about knowledge gaps and data challenges in global air quality monitoring, and how better monitoring can lead to better policy.
Episode 10 (part 1, part 2): In this two-part podcast, Kate Galbraith, an energy and environment reporter formerly with the Texas Tribune, visits with Center research assistant Rachel Lipstein about environmental journalism, her recently released book, The Great Texas Wind Rush, and the key environmental issues she covered in Texas, including water use and energy.
Kate Galbraith is an energy and environment journalist. She has reported for the Texas Tribune, the New York Times and The Economist.
Episode 11: To the untrained eye, invasive species blend into the environment, so unless they are incredibly ugly (snakehead anyone?) -- or trendy (bacon-wrapped wild boar chops?) -- they're not often a topic of conversation. But invasive species, from bamboo and eucalyptus to Asian carp and zebra mussels, disrupt their environments and have serious ecological impacts. In this podcast, Josh Galperin, associate director of the Yale Center of Environmental Law & Policy, and Connie Vogelmann, Yale Law School '14, discuss invasive species management, highlighting one troubling trend -- eating invaders -- that may have unintended consequences.
Joshua Ulan Galperin is the Associate Director of the Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy and a Clinical Lecturer at Yale Law School. Prior to his positions at Yale, Josh worked for the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy (SACE) where he was a policy analyst and research attorney. In that position he established and managed SACE’s coal plant retirement campaign, which was a hybrid legal, grassroots, and analytical effort to catalyze retirement of the Southeast’s oldest, dirtiest, and least efficient coal plants. Before SACE, Josh was a legislative counsel for the Vermont General Assembly where he primarily staffed the House and Senate committees on agriculture. In that role he was involved with a number of bills that eventually became law including Vermont’s farm-to-plate investment program, dairy price stabilization, and creation of the Vermont Grape and Wine Council.
Episode 12 (part 1, part 2): Many scientists note that the poles offer a preview of climate change’s expected global impacts. In part one of the podcast, Fran Ulmer, chair of the US Arctic Research Commission and former lieutenant governor of Alaska, visits with Amy Mount, Yale F&ES '14, about her work in the Arctic and how the people who live and work there are facing the challenges posed by a changing climate. In part two, Ms. Ulmer discusses her experience as a member of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling, appointed by President Obama, and offers some perspective on the debate surrounding natural resource extraction, of all types, in Alaska.
Fran Ulmer is chair of the U.S. Arctic Research Commission, appointed by President Obama in March 2011. In June 2010, President Obama appointed her to the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling. From 2007 to 2011, Ms. Ulmer was Chancellor of the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA). Before that, she was a Distinguished Visiting Professor of Public Policy and Director of the Institute of Social and Economic Research at UAA. Ms. Ulmer served as an elected official for 18 years as the mayor of Juneau, as a state representative and as Lieutenant Governor of Alaska. Ms. Ulmer served as Director of Policy Development for the State of Alaska, managing diverse programs, including coastal management, intergovernmental coordination, and public participation initiatives. She has served on dozens of non-profit and government boards and commissions in Alaska, such as the Denali Commission, Commonwealth North, Big Brothers/Big Sisters, March of Dimes, Salvation Army, Alaska Gas Pipeline Committee, The Nature Conservancy and many more.
At the national level, Ms. Ulmer served as a member of the Federal Communications Commission's State and Local Advisory Committee, the Federal Elections Commission's State Advisory Committee and co-chaired the National Academies of Science’s Committee on State Voter Registration Databases. For more than ten years, she served as one of the US Commissioners on the North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission, appointed by President Bill Clinton. Ms. Ulmer earned a J.D. cum laude from the University of Wisconsin Law School, and has been a Fellow at the Institute of Politics at the Kennedy School of Government. She is married to retired attorney Bill Council, and they have two adult children and one grandson.
Episode 13: Gus Speth visits with Joanna Dafoe, Yale F&ES '14, about his latest book America the Possible: Manifesto for a New Economy. Speth describes the need for a new economy to generate lasting and expansive political reform and reflects on his personal theory of change as it has evolved throughout his career. Time Magazine has called Gus Speth the "ultimate insider," but to many students at the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and Vermont Law School, Professor Speth is a mentor and friend. To that end, the podcast concludes with a discussion related to a student-posed question: what is the best role for young people to help in the new economy transition?
James Gustave "Gus" Speth joined the faculty at Vermont Law School in 2010. A Distinguished Senior Fellow with Demos, he completed his decade-long tenure in 2009 as dean of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. From 1993 to 1999, he was administrator of the United Nations Development Programme and chair of the U.N. Development Group. Prior to his service at the U.N., he was founder and president of the World Resources Institute; professor of law at Georgetown University; chairman of the U.S. Council on Environmental Quality in the Carter administration; and senior attorney and co-founder of the Natural Resources Defense Council.
Episode 14: For island and coastal nations, rising sea levels pose an urgent threat; indeed, we're already seeing climate-change-driven migration -- a process threatens to create empty states by draining communities of skills and tax revenue even before the full physical impacts of climate change hit. In this podcast, Maxine Burkett, Associate Professor at the William S. Richardson School of Law at the University of Hawaii, and the former director of the Center for Island Climate Adaptation and Policy, visits with Halley Epstein, YLS '14, about what might be done to preserve statehood for nations after climate change makes their physical territories uninhabitable.
Maxine Burkett is an Associate Professor of Law at the William S. Richardson School of Law, University of Hawai‘i. Professor Burkett attended Williams College and Exeter College, Oxford University, and received her law degree from Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California, Berkeley. An expert in the law and policy of climate change, she has presented her research on diverse areas of climate law throughout the United States and in West Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Caribbean. From 2009-2012 Professor Burkett also served as the inaugural Director of the Center for Island Climate Adaptation and Policy (ICAP). At ICAP, she led projects to address climate change law, policy, and planning for island communities. In its first three years, ICAP published six major climate adaptation policy documents for Hawai‘i and other Pacific Island nations. It also hosted numerous outreach and education programs on island resiliency and climate change and engaged state, national, and Asia-Pacific regional entities. In 2010, Burkett served as the Wayne Morse Chair of Law and Politics at the University of Oregon, where she was the Fall scholar for the Center’s “Climate Ethics and Climate Equity” theme of inquiry. She is the youngest scholar to have held the Wayne Morse Chair.
Episode 15: (part 1, part 2): Gunnar Knapp, Director of the Institute for Social and Economic Research at the University of Alaska, discusses his work at ISER and the challenges of researching and implementing public policy that protects the environment and promotes development, seafood economics, fisheries management in Alaska, and his forthcoming book, The Economics of Fish.
Gunnar Knapp has been on the faculty of the University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research since receiving his Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University in 1981. Dr. Knapp has conducted a wide variety of research on the Alaska economy and Alaska resources, including in particular markets for Alaska seafood and management of Alaska fisheries resources.
Since 1990, Dr. Knapp has studied world salmon markets and the effects of changing market conditions on the Alaska salmon industry. From 1994 until 1998, Dr. Knapp directed the Salmon Market Information Service, funded by the Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute, to provide salmon market information to Alaska salmon fishermen. Dr. Knapp has made numerous presentations relating to salmon markets for both academic and industry groups, and has traveled to Canada, Japan, Russia, Norway, Chile and Iceland in connection with his research on salmon markets.
Episode 16 (part 1, part 2): Mark Kresowik, the eastern region deputy director for the Sierra Club's Beyond Coal Campaign, talks about the campaign's success, the benefits of political pressure versus analytical arguments in clean energy advocacy, and the importance of grassroots action for addressing climate change.
Mark Kresowik is the eastern region deputy director of the Sierra Club's Beyond Coal Campaign, a national effort to transition the electrical sector off of coal power. He was previously an associate representative on the corporate accountability and fnance team. His work with the Sierra Club began as a local organizer for the Beyond Coal Campaign in Iowa. In Iowa he also served as acting director of Iowa Interfaith Power and Light, an organization of people from Christian, Jewish, Muslim, and other faiths all collaborating to tackle the problem of climate change. Mr. Kresowik graduated from the University of Iowa.
Episode 17: The Florida Natural Areas Inventory (FNAI), a non-profit administered by Florida State University, maintains a comprehensive database of the state’s biological resources, a critical resource for policymakers and stakeholders working on conservation projects. In this podcast, Jason D. Schwartz, Yale F&ES ’13, visits with Gary Knight, FNAI director and 2013 Dorothy S. McCluskey Visiting Fellow in Conservation at F&ES, about why measurement matters in conservation and how we might more effectively measure – and communicate – conservation successes.
Gary Knight joined the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies as the 2013 Dorothy S. McCluskey Fellow in Conservation. He is the current Director of the Florida Natural Areas Inventory (www.fnai.org), which is a science-based conservation planning program and information clearinghouse affiliated with Florida State University. Founded in 1981, FNAI is a leading member of NatureServe's international network of natural hertiage programs and conservation data centers.
In addition, Gary is a member of the Yale Mapping Framework science panel and a science advisor to the Center for Plant Conservation. He also served as a member of the NatureServe Board of Directors through 2011.
Episode 18: If you see something wrong, you should do something about it: this ethos has inspired Janet Dalziell throughout her career at Greenpeace International, where she is the director of global development and a member of the senior management team. In this podcast, Ms. Dalziell visits with Amy Mount, Yale F&ES '14, about her time at Greenpeace, the organization's priorities and strategic deployment of non-violent direct action, and the plight of the Arctic 30, the group of activists protesting oil drilling in the Arctic and now being held by the Russian government.
Janet Dalziell is Director of Global Development for Greenpeace International and a member of its Senior Management Team based in the Netherlands. Originally from New Zealand, she has spearheaded the international Greenpeace campaign to stop climate change, represented Greenpeace at intergovernmental negotiations, and led three expeditions to Antarctica. Janet is a key architect of a major re-design of Greenpeace’s global operating model, focusing on the development of human capacity within the organization and aimed at making Greenpeace more effective in achieving just and sustainable global change to protect the environment.
Episode 19: The 63 cities in the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group contain 8 percent of the world's population, have a GDP the size of China's -- and the potential to reduce the global carbon emissions by a billion tons. In this podcast Rit Aggarwala, the former director of long-term planning and sustainability for New York City, discusses megacities' leadership in addressing climate change and PlaNYC, with its goal to reduce New York City's carbon footprint by more than 30 percent by 2030.
Rohit T. “Rit” Aggarwala is Special Advisor to the Chair of the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; Environmental Program Lead at Bloomberg Philanthropies; and a Professor of Practice in International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. Rit was the Director of Long-Term Planning and Sustainability for New York City from 2006 to 2010. In that capacity, he led the development and implementation of Mayor Bloomberg’s long-term plan for New York City, PlaNYC: A Greener, Greater New York.
Episode 20: Dr. Cameron Wake, a research associate professor in climatology at the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space at the University of New Hampshire, leads a research program investigating regional climate and environmental change through the analysis of ice cores, instrumental data, and phenological records, with a focus on the northeast United States, the Arctic, and central Asia. In this podcast, he visits with YCELP researcher Amy Weinfurter about his work, both at UNH and at Climate Solutions New England, a regional network promoting energy self-reliance and weather resilient communities.
Cameron Wake is a research associate professor with the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space at the University of New Hampshire. He also has a joint appointment in the UNH Department of Earth Sciences. Cameron directs an active research program investigating regional climate and environmental change through the analysis of ice cores and instrumental records. Currently he is leading research programs to assess the impact of climate change in New England and to reconstruct climate change from ice cores recovered from glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau and in the Arctic. He is also an author on over 50 papers published in the peer-reviewed scientific literature, including authorship on a series of papers and reports detailing the impact of climate change in the Northeast US. Cameron also directs Carbon Solutions New England , a public-private partnership promoting collective action to achieve a clean, secure energy future while sustaining our unique cultural and natural resources.