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On the Environment: A Podcast Series from the Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy

The Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy is a joint initiative between Yale Law School and the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, and we see a lot of interesting and inspiring people come through the doors of both schools throughout the course of a year.

These visionaries will stay a few days, give a lecture or two, and then be on their way again—sometimes with very little record of their visit, the insights they’ve shared, or the passion they’ve breathed into the community inspiring action, change, and possibility.

We launched On the Environment, a podcast series hosted by Center staff and students, in March 2013 to better document these visits and, most importantly, to invite the larger community into the conversation we’re having here about key issues in environmental science, law and policymaking.

If you have comments or suggestions, please don’t hesitate to contact us at ycelp@yale.edu.


On the Environment Episode Guide

Episode 1: Marissa Knodel, a research assistant at the Center, visits with Andrew Guzman about his new book Overheated: The Human Cost of Climate Change, which explores the real-world consequences of climate change.

Andrew Guzman is Professor of Law and Director of the Advanced Law degree Programs at Berkeley Law School, University of California, Berkeley. Professor Guzman holds a J.D. and Ph.D. (economics) from Harvard University. He has written extensively on international trade, international regulatory matters, foreign direct investment and public international law, and served as editor on the recently published Handbook of International Economic Law (Elgar Publishers) and authored How International Law Works (Oxford University Press). Professor Guzman is a member of the Institute for Transnational Arbitration's Academic Council and is on the board of several academic journals. Professor Guzman has taught as a visiting professor at Harvard Law School, the University of Chicago Law School, the University of Virginia Law School, Vanderbilt Law School, the University of Hamburg, and the National University Law School in Bangalore, India.

Episode 2 (part 1, part 2): Marissa Knodel talks with Julian Aguon, a writer, activist and attorney, about his work on human and indigenous rights under international law.

Julian Aguon is a hybrid writer-activist-attorney whose work has taken the forms of polemical prose, law articles, lectures, speeches, and poetry. His work centers around human and indigenous rights under international law, with an emphasis in the rights of non-self-governing and indigenous peoples. He is the author of numerous collections of political essays focusing on people struggles in Guam and the larger Micronesian region around issues of colonization, neocolonialism, and militarism. He has also published several law articles focusing on the international law right of self-determination of peoples and the domestic jurisprudence governing the colonial relationship between the United States and its territories. Julian was chosen as a Petra Foundation Fellow in 2011 in recognition of his work on behalf of Guam and other Pacific Islander communities. Julian most recently prevailed in a motion to dismiss a challenge to the ability of native inhabitants of Guam to exercise their statutory right to self-determination before the District Court of Guam.

Episode 3 (part 1, part 2, and part 3): Aaron Reuben, a Center research assistant, talks with Rolling Stone Contributing Editor Jeff Goodell about his work, the future of environmental journalism, and geoengineering.

Jeff Goodell’s latest book, How to Cool the Planet: Geoengineering and the Audacious Quest to Fix Earth’s Climate, won the 2011 Grantham Prize Award of Special Merit, one of the highest awards in environmental journalism. Goodell is the author of four previous books including Sunnyvale, a memoir about growing up in Silicon Valley that was selected as a New York Times Notable Book. Our Story, an account of the nine miners trapped in a Pennsylvania coal mine, was a national bestseller. Big Coal: The Dirty Secret Behind America's Energy Future was described by the New York Times as, “a compelling indictment of one of the country’s biggest, most powerful and most antiquated industries…well-written, timely, and powerful.” In 2012, he won the Sierra Club’s David R. Brower award for excellence in environmental journalism. He is a Contributing Editor at Rolling Stone and a frequent contributor to The New York Times Magazine. As a commentator on energy and environmental issues, Goodell has appeared on NPR, MSNBC, CNN, CNBC, ABC, NBC, Fox and The Oprah Winfrey Show.

Episode 4: (part 1, part 2): Nora Hawkins, a Center research assistant, talks with Heidi Binko, associate director of special climate initiatives at the Rockefeller Family Fund, about her career path, work with RFF, and how the philanthropic community has developed campaigns -- for coal, in particular -- addressing climate change in the absence of a federal climate bill.

Heidi Binko is the associate director of special climate initiatives at the Rockefeller Family Fund. Heidi joined RFF in 2008. In her current position, she works closely with national and regional advocates and foundations working at the nexus of climate and coal. Since joining RFF, Heidi has played a leading role in creating strategic partnerships between funders and advocates interested in helping the nation move beyond a coal-based economy. Prior to joining RFF, Heidi was the executive director of the WestWind Foundation, a family foundation based in Virginia. She currently serves as a board member of the Environmental Grantmakers Association and a co-chair of the Climate and Energy Funders Group.

Episode 5 (part 1, part 2): Joanna Dafoe, a Center research assistant, visits with Pulitzer-Prize-winning author Daniel Yergin about his recent book, The Quest: Energy, Security, and the Remaking of the Modern World. The book, a follow-up to 2008’s The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power, examines the energies that have been foundational to civilization and the energies and technologies competing to replace technologies competing to replace them, all while highlighting how energy drives global political and economic change and conflict.

Daniel Yergin is Vice Chairman of IHS and the founder of IHS Cambridge Energy Research Associates.  He is a highly respected authority on energy, international politics, and economics, and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his book The Prize. The New York Times has called him “America’s most influential energy pundit.” His new book -- The Quest: Energy, Security, and the Remaking of the Modern World -- has been hailed by The Economist as “a masterly piece of work” and “a comprehensive guide to the world’s great energy needs and dilemmas.” Dr. Yergin’s other books include Commanding Heights: the Battle for the World Economy.

Episode 6 (part 1, part 2): Yale Environmental Law Association President Halley Epstein visits with Jedediah Purdy, professor of law at Duke University about the history of environmentalism in America, environmental ethics and his forthcoming book, The American Environmental Imagination.

Jedediah Purdy graduated from Harvard College, summa cum laude, with an  A.B. in Social Studies, and received his J.D. from Yale Law School. He teaches constitutional, environmental, and property law and writes in all of these areas.

Purdy clerked for the Honorable Pierre N. Leval of the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York City and has been a fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School, an ethics fellow at Harvard University, and a visiting professor at Yale Law School and Harvard Law School.

Purdy's scholarship has appeared or is forthcoming in the Yale Law Journal, University of Chicago Law Review, Duke Law JournalCornell Law Review, and Harvard Environmental Law Review, among others. He is the author of four books, including a trilogy on American political identity, which concluded with A Tolerable Anarchy (2009), all from Knopf. He has published many essays in publications including The Atlantic MonthlyThe New York Times Op-Ed Page and Book Review, Die Zeit, and Democracy Journal. The Meaning of Property appeared in 2010 from Yale University Press. He is now at work on The American Environmental Imagination, under contract with Harvard University Press.

Episode 7 (part 1, part 2): Center Research Assistant Sarah Wegmueller visits with Sarah Krakoff, a professor at the University of Colorado School of Law, about American Indian law, environmental ethics, and Professor Krakoff's forthcoming book Parenting the Planet. The book uses parenting as a frame to explore our relationship to nature in a way that does not depend predominately on individual rational self-interest to explain human motivation.

Sarah Krakoff teaches and writes in the areas of American Indian law and natural resources law. Her publications include "American Indian Law: Cases and Commentary," (with Robert Anderson, Bethany Berger and Phil Frickey), "Tribes, Land and Environment," (co-edited with Ezra Rosser) and numerous articles and book chapters. Her article examining the effects of federal law on the Navajo Nation’s exercise of sovereignty, "A Narrative of Sovereignty: Illuminating the Paradox of the Domestic Dependent Nation," received the Jules Millstein Faculty Writing Award at the University of Colorado Law School in 2006 and has been cited in several federal district court opinions. Professor Krakoff has also written about environmental ethics, public lands, and global warming. Her current projects include a book (currently titled “Parenting the Planet,”) about the different stages of the human relationship to nature.

When Professor Krakoff first came to the Law School, she was the Director of the American Indian Law Clinic, supervising students in a range of federal Indian and tribal law matters. She succeeded in securing permanent University funding for the Clinic before moving to non-clinical teaching in 1999. Before coming to Colorado, Professor Krakoff was awarded an Equal Justice Works Fellowship to work on the Navajo Nation as Director of the Youth Law Project for DNA-People’s Legal Services. Professor Krakoff clerked on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals for Judge Warren J. Ferguson from 1992-93, and received her J.D. from Boalt Hall, U.C. Berkeley, in 1991 and her B.A. from Yale University in 1986.

Episode 8 (part 1, part 2): China's environmental situation is frequently scrutinized both within China and across the world. In this two-part podcast Angel Hsu, a China expert completing her PhD this May at the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, offers an overview of the key environmental issues in the country, how the government is addressing them, and the way Chinese citizens are mobilizing to push for better transparency about the state of their environment.

Dr. Angel Hsu graduated from the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies in 2013 and is now a postdoctoral associate and project manager of the Environmental Performance Measurement program area.

Her research focuses on Chinese environmental performance measurement, governance, and policy. Prior to coming to Yale, she was at the World Resources Institute (WRI), a non-profit environmental think tank in Washington, D.C., where she helped to develop corporate greenhouse gas reporting initiatives in developing countries and managed the GHG Protocol's programs in China. She has a Master of Philosophy degree in Environmental Policy from the University of Cambridge and a BS in Biology and BA in Political Science from Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Episode 9: Air pollution is a topic of global concern, and in rapidly developing counties -- such as China -- news of extreme pollution levels dominates headlines. In this podcast Angel Hsu, Environmental Performance Index project director, visits with NASA climate scientist Drew Shindell and environmental policy expert Marc Levy about knowledge gaps and data challenges in global air quality monitoring, and how better monitoring can lead to better policy.

Episode 10 (part 1, part 2): In this two-part podcast, Kate Galbraith, an energy and environment reporter formerly with the Texas Tribune, visits with Center research assistant Rachel Lipstein about environmental journalism, her recently released book, The Great Texas Wind Rush, and the key environmental issues she covered in Texas, including water use and energy.

Kate Galbraith is an energy and environment journalist. She has reported for the Texas Tribune, the New York Times and The Economist.

Episode 11: To the untrained eye, invasive species blend into the environment, so unless they are incredibly ugly (snakehead anyone?) -- or trendy (bacon-wrapped wild boar chops?) -- they're not often a topic of conversation. But invasive species, from bamboo and eucalyptus to Asian carp and zebra mussels, disrupt their environments and have serious ecological impacts. In this podcast, Josh Galperin, associate director of the Yale Center of Environmental Law & Policy, and Connie Vogelmann, Yale Law School '14, discuss invasive species management, highlighting one troubling trend -- eating invaders -- that may have unintended consequences.

Joshua Ulan Galperin is the Associate Director of the Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy and a Clinical Lecturer at Yale Law School. Prior to his positions at Yale, Josh worked for the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy (SACE) where he was a policy analyst and research attorney. In that position he established and managed SACE’s coal plant retirement campaign, which was a hybrid legal, grassroots, and analytical effort to catalyze retirement of the Southeast’s oldest, dirtiest, and least efficient coal plants. Before SACE, Josh was a legislative counsel for the Vermont General Assembly where he primarily staffed the House and Senate committees on agriculture. In that role he was involved with a number of bills that eventually became law including Vermont’s farm-to-plate investment program, dairy price stabilization, and creation of the Vermont Grape and Wine Council.

Episode 12 (part 1, part 2): Many scientists note that the poles offer a preview of climate change’s expected global impacts. In part one of the podcast, Fran Ulmer, chair of the US Arctic Research Commission and former lieutenant governor of Alaska, visits with Amy Mount, Yale F&ES '14, about her work in the Arctic and how the people who live and work there are facing the challenges posed by a changing climate. In part two, Ms. Ulmer discusses her experience as a member of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling, appointed by President Obama, and offers some perspective on the debate surrounding natural resource extraction, of all types, in Alaska.

Fran Ulmer is chair of the U.S. Arctic Research Commission, appointed by President Obama in March 2011. In June 2010, President Obama appointed her to the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling. From 2007 to 2011, Ms. Ulmer was Chancellor of the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA). Before that, she was a Distinguished Visiting Professor of Public Policy and Director of the Institute of Social and Economic Research at UAA. Ms. Ulmer served as an elected official for 18 years as the mayor of Juneau, as a state representative and as Lieutenant Governor of Alaska. Ms. Ulmer served as Director of Policy Development for the State of Alaska, managing diverse programs, including coastal management, intergovernmental coordination, and public participation initiatives. She has served on dozens of non-profit and government boards and commissions in Alaska, such as the Denali Commission, Commonwealth North, Big Brothers/Big Sisters, March of Dimes, Salvation Army, Alaska Gas Pipeline Committee, The Nature Conservancy and many more.

At the national level, Ms. Ulmer served as a member of the Federal Communications Commission's State and Local Advisory Committee, the Federal Elections Commission's State Advisory Committee and co-chaired the National Academies of Science’s Committee on State Voter Registration Databases. For more than ten years, she served as one of the US Commissioners on the North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission, appointed by President Bill Clinton. Ms. Ulmer earned a J.D. cum laude from the University of Wisconsin Law School, and has been a Fellow at the Institute of Politics at the Kennedy School of Government. She is married to retired attorney Bill Council, and they have two adult children and one grandson.

Episode 13: Gus Speth visits with Joanna Dafoe, Yale F&ES '14, about his latest book America the Possible: Manifesto for a New Economy. Speth describes the need for a new economy to generate lasting and expansive political reform and reflects on his personal theory of change as it has evolved throughout his career. Time Magazine has called Gus Speth the "ultimate insider," but to many students at the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and Vermont Law School, Professor Speth is a mentor and friend. To that end, the podcast concludes with a discussion related to a student-posed question: what is the best role for young people to help in the new economy transition?

James Gustave "Gus" Speth joined the faculty at Vermont Law School in 2010. A Distinguished Senior Fellow with Demos, he completed his decade-long tenure in 2009 as dean of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. From 1993 to 1999, he was administrator of the United Nations Development Programme and chair of the U.N. Development Group. Prior to his service at the U.N., he was founder and president of the World Resources Institute; professor of law at Georgetown University; chairman of the U.S. Council on Environmental Quality in the Carter administration; and senior attorney and co-founder of the Natural Resources Defense Council.

Episode 14: For island and coastal nations, rising sea levels pose an urgent threat; indeed, we're already seeing climate-change-driven migration -- a process threatens to create empty states by draining communities of skills and tax revenue even before the full physical impacts of climate change hit. In this podcast, Maxine Burkett, Associate Professor at the William S. Richardson School of Law at the University of Hawaii, and the former director of the Center for Island Climate Adaptation and Policy, visits with Halley Epstein, YLS '14, about what might be done to preserve statehood for nations after climate change makes their physical territories uninhabitable.

Maxine Burkett is an Associate Professor of Law at the William S. Richardson School of Law, University of Hawai‘i. Professor Burkett attended Williams College and Exeter College, Oxford University, and received her law degree from Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California, Berkeley. An expert in the law and policy of climate change, she has presented her research on diverse areas of climate law throughout the United States and in West Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Caribbean. From 2009-2012 Professor Burkett also served as the inaugural Director of the Center for Island Climate Adaptation and Policy (ICAP). At ICAP, she led projects to address climate change law, policy, and planning for island communities.  In its first three years, ICAP published six major climate adaptation policy documents for Hawai‘i and other Pacific Island nations.  It also hosted numerous outreach and education programs on island resiliency and climate change and engaged state, national, and Asia-Pacific regional entities. In 2010, Burkett served as the Wayne Morse Chair of Law and Politics at the University of Oregon, where she was the Fall scholar for the Center’s “Climate Ethics and Climate Equity” theme of inquiry.  She is the youngest scholar to have held the Wayne Morse Chair.

Episode 15: (part 1, part 2): Gunnar Knapp, Director of the Institute for Social and Economic Research at the University of Alaska, discusses his work at ISER and the challenges of researching and implementing public policy that protects the environment and promotes development, seafood economics, fisheries management in Alaska, and his forthcoming book, The Economics of Fish.

Gunnar Knapp has been on the faculty of the University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research since receiving his Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University in 1981. Dr. Knapp has conducted a wide variety of research on the Alaska economy and Alaska resources, including in particular markets for Alaska seafood and management of Alaska fisheries resources.

Since 1990, Dr. Knapp has studied world salmon markets and the effects of changing market conditions on the Alaska salmon industry. From 1994 until 1998, Dr. Knapp directed the Salmon Market Information Service, funded by the Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute, to provide salmon market information to Alaska salmon fishermen. Dr. Knapp has made numerous presentations relating to salmon markets for both academic and industry groups, and has traveled to Canada, Japan, Russia, Norway, Chile and Iceland in connection with his research on salmon markets.

Episode 16 (part 1, part 2): Mark Kresowik, the eastern region deputy director for the Sierra Club's Beyond Coal Campaign, talks about the campaign's success, the benefits of political pressure versus analytical arguments in clean energy advocacy, and the importance of grassroots action for addressing climate change.

Mark Kresowik is the eastern region deputy director of the Sierra Club's Beyond Coal Campaign, a national effort to transition the electrical sector off of coal power. He was previously an associate representative on the corporate accountability and fnance team. His work with the Sierra Club began as a local organizer for the Beyond Coal Campaign in Iowa. In Iowa he also served as acting director of Iowa Interfaith Power and Light, an organization of people from Christian, Jewish, Muslim, and other faiths all collaborating to tackle the problem of climate change. Mr. Kresowik graduated from the University of Iowa.

Episode 17: The Florida Natural Areas Inventory (FNAI), a non-profit administered by Florida State University, maintains a comprehensive database of the state’s biological resources, a critical resource for policymakers and stakeholders working on conservation projects. In this podcast, Jason D. Schwartz, Yale F&ES ’13, visits with Gary Knight, FNAI director and 2013 Dorothy S. McCluskey Visiting Fellow in Conservation at F&ES, about why measurement matters in conservation and how we might more effectively measure – and communicate – conservation successes.

Gary Knight joined the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies as the 2013 Dorothy S. McCluskey Fellow in Conservation. He is the current Director of the Florida Natural Areas Inventory (www.fnai.org), which is a science-based conservation planning program and information clearinghouse affiliated with Florida State University. Founded in 1981, FNAI is a leading member of NatureServe's international network of natural hertiage programs and conservation data centers.

In addition, Gary is a member of the Yale Mapping Framework science panel and a science advisor to the Center for Plant Conservation.  He also served as a member of the NatureServe Board of Directors through 2011.

Episode 18: If you see something wrong, you should do something about it: this ethos has inspired Janet Dalziell throughout her career at Greenpeace International, where she is the director of global development and a member of the senior management team. In this podcast, Ms. Dalziell visits with Amy Mount, Yale F&ES '14, about her time at Greenpeace, the organization's priorities and strategic deployment of non-violent direct action, and the plight of the Arctic 30, the group of activists protesting oil drilling in the Arctic and now being held by the Russian government.

Janet Dalziell is Director of Global Development for Greenpeace International and a member of its Senior Management Team based in the Netherlands. Originally from New Zealand, she has spearheaded the international Greenpeace campaign to stop climate change, represented Greenpeace at intergovernmental negotiations, and led three expeditions to Antarctica. Janet is a key architect of a major re-design of Greenpeace’s global operating model, focusing on the development of human capacity within the organization and aimed at making Greenpeace more effective in achieving just and sustainable global change to protect the environment.

Episode 19: The 63 cities in the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group contain 8 percent of the world's population, have a GDP the size of China's -- and the potential to reduce the global carbon emissions by a billion tons. In this podcast Rit Aggarwala, the former director of long-term planning and sustainability for New York City, discusses megacities' leadership in addressing climate change and PlaNYC, with its goal to reduce New York City's carbon footprint by more than 30 percent by 2030.

Rohit T. “Rit” Aggarwala is Special Advisor to the Chair of the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; Environmental Program Lead at Bloomberg Philanthropies; and a Professor of Practice in International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. Rit was the Director of Long-Term Planning and Sustainability for New York City from 2006 to 2010. In that capacity, he led the development and implementation of Mayor Bloomberg’s long-term plan for New York City, PlaNYC: A Greener, Greater New York.

Episode 20: Dr. Cameron Wake, a research associate professor in climatology at the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space at the University of New Hampshire, leads a research program investigating regional climate and environmental change through the analysis of ice cores, instrumental data, and phenological records, with a focus on the northeast United States, the Arctic, and central Asia. In this podcast, he visits with YCELP researcher Amy Weinfurter about his work, both at UNH and at Climate Solutions New England, a regional network promoting energy self-reliance and weather resilient communities.

Cameron Wake is a research associate professor with the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space at the University of New Hampshire. He also has a joint appointment in the UNH Department of Earth Sciences. Cameron directs an active research program investigating regional climate and environmental change through the analysis of ice cores and instrumental records. Currently he is leading research programs to assess the impact of climate change in New England and to reconstruct climate change from ice cores recovered from glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau and in the Arctic. He is also an author on over 50 papers published in the peer-reviewed scientific literature, including authorship on a series of papers and reports detailing the impact of climate change in the Northeast US. Cameron also directs Carbon Solutions New England , a public-private partnership promoting collective action to achieve a clean, secure energy future while sustaining our unique cultural and natural resources.

Episode 21: Maine farmer Kevin Poland visits with YCELP Associate Director Josh Galperin about the local food sovereignty movement. Proponents of the movement would like to see food safety regulations handled at a local rather than the federal or state level, but the issue has proved divisive.

The Poland Family Farm has been operating in Brooklin, Maine since 1978 and grows MOFGA certified organic vegetables, flowers, berries, and hay as well as pasture-raised, heritage breeds pork, beef, and eggs.

Episode 22: The 2014 Environmental Index (EPI) ranks countries on high-priority environmental concerns, including air quality, water management, and climate change. In this podcast, Angel Hsu, lead author of the 2014 EPI, discusses the rankings and global performance trends. Overall, the index reveals that the world is doing well on improving drinking water and sanitation. Progress in these categories tracks the concerted pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals, which have clear targets, strategies, and metrics for assessment on water and sanitation. Poorer environmental performance is seen in areas with less defined targets and goals, as with fisheries, industrial wastewater treatment, and air quality. For more information on the 2014 EPI visit epi.yale.edu.

Episode 23: SmartPower President Brian Keane discusses his recent book, Green is Good: Save Money, Make Money, and Help Your Community Profit from Clean Energy, which offers a no-nonsense guide for making clean energy and energy efficiency a part of daily life.

Brian F. Keane is President of SmartPower and author of Green Is Good: Save Money, Make Money, and Help Your Community Profit From Clean Energy (Lyons Press, 2012). He is a leading voice on clean energy, energy efficiency and the environment. As President of SmartPower, a Washington, DC-based marketing agency dedicated to promoting clean, renewable energy and energy efficiency, Keane has helped shape the energy debate in the United States and brought clean energy and energy efficiency to the American consumer.

Hailed as Mad Men for an eco-conscious generation, SmartPower’s award-winning marketing campaigns have engaged hundreds of thousands of people across the country, drawing credit for inspiring our nation’s renewed interested in renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Episode 24: Elaine Kub, commodity analyst and author of Mastering the Grain Markets, visits with Erin Schnettler, Yale F&ES '14, about how major grain commodities are produced, traded, and sold in the United States -- and what might be done to make the system more sustainable.

Elaine Kub is the author of Mastering the Grain Markets: How Profits Are Really Made -- a 360-degree look at all aspects of grain trading, which draws on her experiences as a futures broker, market analyst, grain merchandiser, and farmer. She grew up on a family farm in South Dakota and holds an engineering degree and an MBA.

Episode 25: Journalist and author Todd Wilkinson discusses his recent book, Last Stand: Ted Turner's Quest to Save a Troubled Planet, which offers a diligently detailed, keenly interpreted, and jaw-dropping portrait of a smart, prescient, independent man hard-driven by sorrow and passionately committed to doing lasting good in the world on as large a scale as possible.

Todd Wilkinson is a nationally noted journalist and author with reporting assignments that have taken him around the globe.  His latest book, Last Stand: Ted Turner's Quest to Save a Troubled Planet has won widespread praise for its discussion of how Turner, the former media mogul turned environmentalist and bison rancher has become a pioneering 21st century "eco-humanitarian capitalist." Todd, a native Minnesotan, began his career as a violent crime reporter with the legendary City News Bureau of Chicago. Today basing himself in Bozeman, Montana, he is a western correspondent for The Christian Science Monitor and a contributor to several magazines. He also is author of the acclaimed 1998 book, Science Under Siege: The Politicians' War On Nature and Truth.

Episode 26: In this podcast, Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy Associate Director Josh Galperin visits with former US Senate staffers Leon Billings and Tom Jorling about the policies and personalities that led to the first major environmental laws in the nation -- and what the history of environmental lawmaking can tell us about the political stalemate we face today.

Episode 27: In this podcast Marissa Knodel, Yale F&ES '15, visits with Mary Wood, faculty director of the nationally acclaimed Environmental and Natural Resources Law Program at the University of Oregon School of Law, about her recent book, Nature's Trust: Environmental Law for a New Ecological Age. The book highlights flaws in current environmental law practices and offers transformational change based on the public trust doctrine. An ancient and enduring principle, the trust doctrine asserts public property rights to crucial resources. Its core logic compels government, as trustee, to protect natural inheritance such as air and water for all humanity.

Mary Christina Wood is the Philip H. Knight Professor of Law and Faculty Director of the nationally acclaimed Environmental and Natural Resources Law Program at the University of Oregon School of Law. She founded the program, which has been ranked as one of the top ten in the country for the past several years. Professor Wood has taught environmental law for over 20 years across the subjects of property, natural resources law, public trust law, federal Indian law, public lands law, wildlife law, and hazardous waste law. She serves as faculty Leader of the Program's Conservation Trust Project, Sustainable Land Use Project, Native Environmental Sovereignty Project, and Food Resilience Project, all designed to explore tangible, cutting-edge policy initiatives across various jurisdictions.

Episode 28: Tom Kizzia's recent book, Pilgrim's Wilderness, details the strange (but true) journey of the self-proclaimed Papa Pilgrim, who established his wife and fifteen children in America's largest national park in south-central Alaska. In this podcast, Kizzia visits with Amy Mount, Yale F&ES '14, about how the Pilgrims touched off one of the most-visible controversies between environmentalists, government officials and local land-rights advocates in a generation.

Tom Kizzia is author of the best-selling book Pilgrim’s Wilderness, which was ranked number five on Amazon’s Top Ten Books of 2013 list. Reviewers called the book “extraordinary” (Wall Street Journal), “spellbinding” (Minneapolis Star-Tribune) and “gripping” (Los Angeles Times and Outside Magazine). His first book, The Wake of the Unseen Object, was named one of the best all-time non-fiction books about Alaska by the state historical society. A graduate of Hampshire College, he was a reporter for the Anchorage Daily News for more than 25 years and a Knight Journalism Fellow at Stanford University. He lives in Homer, Alaska.

Episode 29: In this podcast, Matt Daggett, Greenpeace International's global campaign leader for forests, visits with Amy Mount, Yale F&ES '14, about the organization's theory of change and climate policy in the US.

Matt Daggett is Greenpeace International’s Global Campaign Leader (GCL) for Forests. In this role, Matt is the ‘curator’ of a basket of global campaign projects designed to achieve zero deforestation globally. Matt and his team guide Greenpeace teams pitching projects to ensure Greenpeace’s forest campaigns together will achieve the organization's global strategies, leverage Greenpeace’s unique strengths, inspire supporters' leadership and financial support, and create space for innovation.

Episode 30: Whether locating wire snares in Africa or dyer's woad in the western United States, dogs are helping conservationists monitor wildlife and eradicate invasive species. In this podcast, Megan Parker, executive director and co-founder of Working Dogs for Conservation, visits with invasion biologist and Yale postdoc Sara Kuebbing about the organization, the dogs, and the dog/handler team's key projects.

Megan Parker is the co-founder and director of research at Working Dogs for Conservation. Megan grew up in Montana, where she was inspired to a career in conservation. She received her B.A. from Middlebury College in Vermont and her M.S. from Boise State University in raptor ecology and her PhD from University of Montana in Wildlife Biology on the scent marking behavior and territoriality of African wild dogs in Botswana. She  has worked in many states in the U.S., Canada, Central America, Asia and Africa.  She helped develop the methods for detection dogs in conservation beginning in 1996 while working with wolves in Idaho. Megan has been involved in dog training since childhood in obedience and search and rescue disciplines. She is interested in the international application of working dogs in conservation to help developing countries and under funded projects acquire excellent data, reduce costs and conserve endangered species.

Episode 31: From battered Asian carp to wild boar bacon, fighting invasive species at the dinner table has become an increasingly popular trend, even catching the attention of NPR commentator Bonny Wolf. While invasivory might make for some interesting recipes — lionfish nachos anyone? —is it an effective strategy for control? In this podcast University of Tennessee Professor Dan Simberloff and Yale postdoc and invasion biologist Sara Kuebbing discuss their concerns with the tactic.

Daniel Simberloff is the Nancy Gore Hunger Professor of Environmental Studies at the University of Tennessee. He received his A.B. (1964) and Ph.D. (1968) from Harvard University and was a faculty member at Florida State University from 1968 through 1997, when he joined the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Tennessee.

His publications number ca. 500 and center on ecology, biogeography, evolution, and conservation biology; much of his research focuses on causes and consequences of biological invasions. His research projects are on insects, plants, fungi, birds, and mammals. At the University of Tennessee he directs the Institute for Biological Invasions.

He is editor-in-chief of Biological Invasions, senior editor of the Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions, is a member of the editorial board for several other journals. He served on the United States National Science Board 2000-2006. In 2006 he was named Eminent Ecologist by the Ecological Society of America, and in 2012 he was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.

Episode 32: Climate change does not exist for people in terms of the evidence, however strong it is; it exists in the socially constructed narratives that we have around it. And these narratives become the life and essence of the issue rather than the true and major threat it represents. In this podcast George Marshall, founder of the Climate Outreach Information Network, discusses how we might break the silence that commonly defines the climate change narrative by being open about our convictions and beliefs.

George Marshall co-founded COIN in 2004 with Richard Sexton, and he is currently Director of Projects. George has 25 years experience working across the environmental spectrum – from community level protest groups to senior positions in Greenpeace and the Rainforest Foundation to consultancy work for governments and businesses. He is an expert advisor to the Welsh Government on public communications. George writes widely on climate change issues including articles for The New Statesman, The Guardian, New Scientist and The Ecologist and is the creator of the blogsite www.climatedenial.org which examines our psychological responses to climate change. He is also the author of Carbon Detox (www.carbondetox.org) a popular book offering “fresh ways to think about personal action to climate change” and rebuilt his own home in Oxford to reduce energy and water consumption by two thirds (www.theyellowhouse.org.uk). He also randomly presents a stand-up routine that he describes as “reasonably entertaining for a two hour climate change powerpoint presentation."

Episode 33: In 2013, Denmark produced more than 40 percent of its electricity from renewable energy -- with more than 85 percent of this renewable energy produced by co-operatives owned and managed by ordinary citizens. In this podcast, Erik Christiansen, of Copenhagen Business School and the Middelgrunen Wind Co-op, outlines how Denmark has approached its renewable energy transition, and why the country is still on track to meet its targets: 50 percent from wind by 2020, 100 percent renewable electricity by 2030, and 100 percent renewable transportation by 2050.

Erik Christiansen has taught for 10 years at the Copenhagen Business School. He was among the founders of the Middlegrunen Co-op, the iconic wind farm off Copenhagen's coast, and he is CEO of EBO Consult, which has developed a way to extract biogas from wood chips before they are burned for district heating. Christiansen also leads the board of REScoop 20-20-20  the EU government's initiative to generate 20 percent of its electricity from renewables by 2020, including by organizing and promoting Europe's more than 1800 renewable energy co-operatives. For more information on REScoop, see this full-length documentary: Our Own Beautiful Energy (2013)

Episode 34: In this podcast Thora Arnorsdottir, senior news editor at the Icelandic National Broadcasting Service, documentary film producer, and 2014 Yale World Fellow, discusses her 2012 candidacy for the Presidency of Iceland, and the environmental issues, from natural resource management and green energy to the pressures of increased tourism on fragile ecosystems, that helped shape her platform -- and how those issues are evolving today.

Thora Arnorsdottir was a 2012 candidate for the Presidency of Iceland and is a renowned national media personality and documentary film producer. Although she lost the 2012 race by a narrow margin, along with her husband, Thora sparked international debate on gender roles and equality: she was 8 months pregnant with her third child when she announced her candidacy. Currently, Thora is a journalist and senior news editor at the Icelandic National Broadcasting Service. During the week she is editor of the main current affairs TV program on INBS and on weekends, she hosts Iceland’s most popular TV quiz show. Thora is founder and owner of Hugveitan, a documentary production company that has created films including Outlaws: The Dalai Lama and the Tibetan Society in India (2009) and At the Bottom of the Fiord: The Last Farmers in Ísafjardardjup (2013). Thora has been a lecturer at the University of Iceland on International Relations and holds degrees in Philosophy and International Economics and Development from Universities in Iceland, Italy and Washington, D.C., where she was a Fulbright grantee.

Epiosde 35 (part 1, part 2): In this two-part podcast Yale World Fellow Alexander Verbeek, strategic policy advisory on global issues at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, discusses how to build an robust social network — and how to use it effectively to communicate key issues and build a global community (Part 1). He then looks at how we might address some of the most critical environmental issues with an integrated approach that has governments working together with industry, civil society, and think tanks (Part 2).

Alexander Verbeek is the Strategic Policy Advisor on Global Issues at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands working on international issues related to climate, water, food, energy and resources. He collaborates with governments, businesses, think tanks and civil society agencies to find connections between these issues and create solutions for the environmental, resource and demographic challenges of the 21st century. Alexander has been working as a diplomat for the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 1992. Prior to his current position Alexander was Policy coordinator for the Gulf Region. He had postings in Vienna (OSCE), Bonn and London. At MFA headquarters in The Hague, he also worked for six years in the security department and for several years in the Asia department. Alexander studied Human Geography in Utrecht (MSc.), worked as a journalist and was an officer in the Royal Netherlands Navy before joining the MFA.

Episode 36: In this podcast Elizabeth Barlow Rogers, president of the Foundation for Landscape Studies and founding president of the Central Park Conservancy, discusses her work as a landscape design historian and a writer examining the cultural meaning of place.

Elizabeth Barlow Rogers is the president of the Foundation for Landscape Studies. A native of San Antonio, Texas, she earned a bachelor’s degree in art history from Wellesley College and a master’s degree in city planning from Yale University.

A resident of New York City since 1964, Rogers was the first person to hold the title of Central Park Administrator, a New York City Department of Parks & Recreation position created by Mayor Edward I. Koch in 1979. She was the founding president of the Central Park Conservancy, the public-private partnership created in 1980 to bring citizen support to the restoration and renewed management of Central Park. She served in both positions until 1996.

A writer on the history of landscape design and the cultural meaning of place, Rogers is the author of The Forests and Wetlands of New York City (Little, Brown and Company, 1971), Frederick Law Olmsted's New York (Whitney Museum/Praeger, 1972), The Central Park Book (Central Park Task Force, 1977), Rebuilding Central Park: A Management and Restoration Plan (The MIT Press, 1987), Landscape Design: A Cultural and Architectural History (Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2001), Romantic Gardens: Nature, Art, and Landscape Design (David R. Godine, Publisher, 2010), Writing the Garden: A Literary Conversation Across Two Centuries (David R. Godine, Publisher, 2011), and Learning Las Vegas: Portrait of a Northern New Mexican Place (Museum of New Mexico Press and Foundation for Landscape Studies, 2013).

Episode 37: The start date for what scientists call the Anthropocene - the era in which human activities begin to have a significant global impact on Earth's ecosystems - varies widely. Some researchers point to the industrial revolution, others look much further back. In this podcast Jed Kaplan, of the Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics, University of Lausanne, Switzerland, discusses his research, focused on the role of the Earth's land surface in the climate system -- and what it reveals about how humans were transforming ecosystem more than 3,000 years ago.

Jed Kaplan is an expert on the response of global vegetation to climate changes and the potential feedbacks between the Earth's land surface and the climate system. His research encompasses the traditional disciplines of earth sciences, geography, atmospheric chemistry, meteorology, soil science, hydrology, plant ecology and physiology, and computer science.

The focus of his work is on the role of the Earth's land surface in the climate system. By studying the behavior of the land surface, he aims to understand the potential for biophysical and biogeochemical feedbacks between land and atmosphere in the Earth system. He approaches these questions through the development and application of a variety of Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs) and larger earth system models of which DGVMs make one part.

Episode 38: In this podcast, Whendee Silver, Yale F&ES '97 (PhD) and professor of ecosystem ecology at U.C. Berkeley, outlines how the use of composted organic material (agricultural and green waste) on rangeland soils can increase carbon storage and decrease greenhouse gas emissions.

Whendee Silver is Professor of Ecosystem Ecology in the Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management at the University of California, Berkeley.  Whendee's role on the Steering Committee is to conduct and coordinate the scientific research of the project.  She also participates in the outreach and education activities by helping to translate scientific findings to project participants and the general public. Dr. Silver consults on the implementation plan and manages the long term monitoring program and carbon monitoring protocol development. She also holds an appointment on the Geological Science Faculty of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Her research seeks to determine the biogeochemical effects of climate change and human impacts on the environment, and the potential for mitigating these effects. She holds PhD and MS degrees from Yale University.

Episode 39: In this podcast WWF's Dekila Chungyalpa, discusses the organization's Sacred Earth program, which engages religious leaders and faith communities as stakeholders in the organization's work. Religious leaders, Chungyalpa says, have long been the missing piece of conservation. Scientists often want to distance themselves from religion, or from addressing the moral and ethical questions inherent in many of our most critical environmental dilemmas. This idea that religion threatens science has been an Achilles heel, she says; instead, these leaders help reframe environmental issues in a way that resonates within their communities.

As director of the Sacred Earth Program for World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Dekila Chungyalpa helps WWF develop partnerships with faith leaders and institutions in order to protect biodiversity, natural resources, and environmental services. Her knowledge of five languages: Sikkimese, Tibetan, Hindi, Nepali, and English, as well as her passion for conservation and faith-based work, contribute to the success she is having with building WWF’s new Sacred Earth program.

“Faith leaders and institutions are often the backbone of local communities.” By working with them towards wildlife protection or climate change adaptation, WWF ensures that conservation goals inspire and motivate all parts of the community. At the same time, WWF also engages in a very important dialogue—how to enrich and transform societal values and aspirations towards a sustainable future for all life on Earth.

Prior to creating the Sacred Earth program, Dekila spent six years leading WWF’s efforts in the Mekong region on large-scale strategies for hydropower and climate change and five years designing and managing community-based conservation projects with WWF’s Eastern Himalayas program. “WWF’s Sacred Earth program works with religious leaders and faith communities who best articulate ethical and spiritual ideals and its diversity, and are committed to protecting it. In short: “Faith motivates conservation. Collaboration brings results.”

Episode 40: In this podcast Peter Lehner, executive director of the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), discusses agriculture -- both NRDC's work on the issue and his own experiences as a coffee and sugar cane grower in Costa Rica -- high-impact climate litigation, and career planning.

Peter Lehner is the executive director of NRDC and NRDC Action Fund. NRDC, one the nation’s leading environmental advocacy organizations with over 1.5 million members and activists and 450 staff in seven offices, works to protect people’s health and families, communities, jobs, and wild spaces by accelerating clean and efficient energy, transportation and protecting our oceans, waters and homes from pollution. Peter is responsible for guiding NRDC’s policy positions, advocacy strategies, communications plans, development and administration, and managing NRDC’s seven offices and for leading the Action Fund’s political activities. Since Peter’s return to NRDC in 2006, NRDC has opened new offices in Beijing and Chicago, started the Center for Market Innovation, and expanded both its policy and communications capacity. Previously, Peter served as chief of the Environmental Protection Bureau of the New York State Attorney General’s office for eight years. He supervised all environmental litigation by the state, prosecuting a wide variety of polluters and developing innovative multi-state strategies targeting global warming, acid rain, and smog causing emissions. Peter previously served at NRDC as a senior attorney in charge of the water

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